Success: Argumentative Writing

Expert
A person or organizationwith special knowledge in a field or about a topic.
Opinion
A personal belief or judgment. Readers will need to identify opinion in their sources and focus on FACTS.
Fact
A piece of information about something can can be proven to be true. Writers will support their argument with FACTS in the body of their essay.
Transition
A sentence that helps the reader move from one paragraph to the next – closing the idea of one paragraph and leading the reader into the idea to be presented in the next paragraph.
Assume
Accept as true without evidence. As a writer, it is dangerous to ASSUME. We must prove with facts.
Counterclaim
An opposing claim – a different opinion about a topic. Presented in the last body paragraph BEFORE the conclusion.
Support
Back up an argument with LOGOS (logic), ETHOS (EXPERTS) and PATHOS (Emotional Appeal).
Logical
Based on known facts, statistics – accepted as true. Writers will use logical support for their arguments.
Evidence
Basis for belief, supports argument. presented in each body paragraph after the argument is restated.
Credible
Capable of being believed – can be trusted. Database and NEWSELA articles have been reviewed and can be included and cited.
Thesis
Claim PLUS Arguments – appears at the end of the introduction paragraph.
Acknowledge
Declare or admit the existence of – example: writers must acknowledge the opposing view (counterclaim).
Hook
Found in the Introduction – purpose is to engage the reader – can be a question, anecdote, statistic, quote.
Anecdote
Narrative about a personal experience. Often used in the Introductory paragraph as a HOOK.
Bias
Only considering or presenting one side of an argument. These are often found in Pro/Con articles, OPINION articles, or on the database for OPPOSING VIEWPOINTS.
Claim
Opinion about a topic that is disputable – can have an opposing view – appears in the THESIS.
Discredit
Put down or show to be untrue. Writers will acknowledge the counterclaim then prove their claim is stronger.
Argument
Reasons that support a CLAIM
Relevant
Related to the topic. Recently published and considered a credible source (database).
Reasoning
Thinking that is logical and can be supported. Writers will use reasoning skills to identify logical support for their arguments.
Evaluate
To examine the quality or significance – to question and judge. Writers will evaluate arguments to decide if the claim or counterclaim is most persuasive.

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