Special Education GACE

Receptive Language Disorder
-affects ability to understand spoken, and sometimes written language
-difficulty with speech and organizing their thoughts
-problems with verbal speech and writing
-associated with dyslexia, ADD, & autism
-difficulty learning & retaining vocab
Cerebral Palsy
-group of disorders that involve brain and nervous system: moevement, learning, hearing, seeing and thinking
-swisting/ jerking of hands and feet, tremors, unsteady gait, loss of coordination, floppy muscles
-decreased intelligence, speech, hearing, and vision problems
-difficulty eating/swallowing, vmiting, constipation, drooling, slow growth, irregular breathing
Mild Intellectual Disablity
-2-4 years behind or 2-3 standard deviations below norm
-IQ under 70-75
-short attention span, memory difficulty, delay in speech development
-may have behavior problems, immature, OCD, lack verbal/nonverbal clues
-clumsy, simple language with short sentences
-weak confidence and easily frustrated

Helpful tips: use simple, short, uncomplicated sentences. Repeat instructions, remove distractions, provide encouraging and supportive learning environment

Aspberger’s Syndrome
-Austism disorder (ASD)
-significant difficulties in social interaction, restrictive & repetitive patterns of behavior & interest
-sometimes clumsy & atypical use of language
-lack nonverbal communication skills, ltd empathy
-dislike changes in routine, lack convo skills, lack tone, pitch and accent
-avoid eye contact or stare, unusual facial expressions
-repetitive rituals, formal/monotone speech
-heightened sensitivity to sound, taste, texture
Autism
-Most severe form of ASD
-impaired social interaction, lack social cues and empathy
-repetitive movements, sometimes self-abuse
-speak later in life, sometimes in 3rd person, no eye contact, sterotyped, repetitive speech
-fail to make social relationships
-skilll-oriented training helps develp social/language skills
Rett Syndrome
-disorder of nervous system that leads to dvelopmental reversals, exp. expressive language and hand use.
-usually girls
-apraxia, breathing problems, drooling, floppy limbs, learning disabilities, scoliosis, shaky gat, seizures, slow head growth, loss of social skills, severe language development problems
Childhood Disintegrative Disorder
develop normally to age 3 or 4, then over a few months lose language, motor, social, and other skills learned
-delay/ lack of spoken speech, impaired nonverbal behaviors, conversational problems, lack of play, loss of bowel/bladder control
-poor communication skills, motor and social skills, problems forming relationships
PDD-NOS Pervasive Developmental Disorder
-difficulties with social skills and communication
-want to make social connections, but difficult, more close to parents
-literal thinking, difficulty w/ facial expressions, empathy, sarcasm, and figurative speech
-difficulty with pronouns
Tourette Syndrome
-multiple physical tics and atleast one vocal tic
-tics include blinking, throat clearing, coughing, sniffing, and facial movements
Fragile X Syndrome
-genetic condition involving a change in X Chromosome
-most common form of mental retardation in boys
-delay in crawling, hand clapping/biting
-hyperactive, impulsive, mental retardation, speech and language delay, tend to avoid eye contact
-flat feet, flexible joints, low muscle tone LG body, LG forehead or ears with prominent jaw, long face, soft skin

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