School Strategies to Address the Childhood Obesity Epidemic

obesity
Excess body fat to a degree that lessens health
BMI
Body Mass Index (25 = overweight, 30 = obese) BMI = weight(lbs)/[height(in)]^2 * 703
cardiovascular disease
class of diseases involving the heart and blood vessels
type II diabetes
Disease involving high blood glucose due to low insulin or insulin resistance
cancer
Broad class of diseases involving irregular cell growth
heartburn
Burning sensation in the chest or upper abdomen
self-esteem
psychological term to reflect a person’s overall evaluation or appraisal of his or her own worth.
salad bar
A buffet-style table or counter at a restaurant or food market on which salad components are provided for customers to assemble their own salad plates
dietary fiber
(sometimes called roughage or ruffage) is the indigestible portion of plant foods that produce helpful substances through fermentation and aid food movement through the digestive system
National School Lunch Program (NSLP)
A program offered through the US Department of Agriculture’s Food and Nutrition Service to provide low-cost or free school lunch meals to qualified students through subsidies to schools.
whole grain
Grain that includes the seed germ and outer bran coating (if these are removed, it is called refined grain). Whole grain is healthier to eat than refined grain.
junk food
Junk food is an informal term for food that is of little nutritional value and often high in fat, sugar, and calories.
dietary fats
Substances found in plants and animals that contain glycerol and organic acids containing carbon. They have high energy (calorie) content.
dietary calorie
A measure of the energy that is made available to an organism by its food. 1 dietary calorie supplies enough energy to raise the temperature of 1 liter of water by 1 degree Celsius.
obesity epidemic
The rapid increase of obesity found in the developed world and especially the United States (highest obesity rate)

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