## Praxis II: Fundamental Knowledge, Mathematics

 Angle
 the union of two rays with a common point
 Average
 same as the arithmetic mean
 Bisect
 to divide into two equal parts (line, able, shape, etc.)
 Circumference
 the distance around a circle (a circle’s perimeter)
 Congruent
 identical in form (lengths and angles are the same)
 Diagonal
 a line joining two opposite corners of a parallelogram
 Diameter
 a straight line passing through the center of a figure from side to side
 Dividend
 The number that is to be divided by another number
 Equation
 a statement that the values of two expressions are equal
 Estimate
 an approximate calculation
 Exponent
 a quantity that expresses the power to which the base number or value must be raised
 Factor
 a number that goes evenly into another
 Improper fraction
 when the numerator is larger than the denominator
 mean
 the average of a given set of numbers
 median
 the middle term in a series of numbers
 midpoint
 the exact middle of a line segment
 mode
 the number that occurs the most frequently in a set of numbers
 Multiplicand
 the number that is to be multiplied
 multiplier
 how many times it takes the multiplicand
 numerator
 the top number in a fraction
 parallel
 lines, planes, segments, figures that rest side by side and maintain the same distance continuously between them
 perimeter
 the distance around the outside of a figure
 perpendicular
 being at an angle of 90 degrees in relation to another line, figure or plane
 probability
 the likeliness that something will occur
 line segment from the center of the circle to the arch
 ratio
 comparison between two amounts that shows the amount of times one amount is contained within the other amount
 slope
 the degree at which a line rises or falls on a given plane
 solution
 the answer to a puzzle, equation or problem
 symmetry
 being made up of exactly the same parts which are arranged around an axis or are facing one another
 variable
 a letter that represents an unknown value
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