PE test 2 part 3

ADVENTURE EDUCATION Model can be done where and has 2 goal that are
outdoor, wilderness, gyms, school grounds..goals to gain skill and safety.. problem solving, self-concept and personal growth
GAMES – BASED TEACHING of SPORT GAMES MODEL who when what
1986 Thorpe, Bunker, and Almond publish”Rethinking Games Teaching” games are a set of problems to be olved..
games based emphasis on
understanding tactical dimensions and developing techniques in games context
games based model goal is to
Key resourse is
develop game sense
“Play Practice: The Games Approach to teaching and Coaching.”
ECLECTIC CURRICULUM it is
it’s goal
what it is
the MOST prevalent model
to expose to wide variety of activities
short units
what to teach, how to teach is left to the teacher
Physical Activity defined
Any body movement that spends calories
2008 Physical Actiavaity guideles for Americans BODILY MOVEMENT THAT ENHANCES HEALTH
TO HAVE HEATH BENFITS

prime area

MUST BE AT LEAST MODERATE LEVEL OF INTENSITY OR MORE
schood day and environment
National PA Guidelines for kids and youth
60 minutes or more daily of some
aerobic muscle strengtheing bone strengthening age appropriate PA that enjoy and offer variety
Healthy People 2020 objectives
requires PA for students/ increase teens in it/ more states to require in elementary school/ school districts to require/ access to spaces for all persons outside school hours…
Evidence of relationsip between PA and chronic disease
Physical Education DEFINED
A program that equips all students with the skills, knowledge, and dispositions needed to make PA and integral part of daily life.
Quality PE defined by NASPE
Opportunity to learn Meaningful content appropriate instruction student and program assessment
PE for students with disabilites
key developments:
1920s Corrective PE… Post WWII: Rehav & programming for war vets adapted PE 1960 special Olympics kennedy and Shriver families
Key legislation for PE disabilities
1975 PL 94 – 142 Education of All Handicsapped Children Act least restrictive environment LRE
put in regular classrooms
what is more prevalent in teens with physical and mental disabilities especially among boys 18 and youth
Obesity
Central meaning of PE
how are your values reflected in your program
importance of content and pedagogy
the teaching practice hall of shame
be able to pick an activity for every model
5 revitalizing HS PE North Carolina reform efforts
what was the model of choice ?
Inside – out rather than have change imposed from outside
Sport Education
2004 child nutrition act reauthorized required what
establishment of school wellness councils and school wellness policies had to include goals for nutrition education, PA, and activies to promote wellness
What is the basis for “Let’s Move” campaign?
2004 Child Nutrition Act reauthorized increased focus on PA beyone PE lessons… recess, after school, classroom brain breaks.
Teachers as PA directors.
WHAT makes these programs WORK?
Physical educator or group of them that exerts big leadership
each program stands for something special
looks exciing and are exciting to do
making them work
a few teachers had big committments in coacing interscholastic teams
VIP support from swchool administer
Technology in PE examples
HR monitors pedometers web info
on-line degreee videotaping of teachers game bikes DDR Wii
What do Professional Physical Education Teachers Do?
plan lessons, units, and whole curricula
plan equipment replacements, use of faqcilities, field trips and events..
Manage students and fvolunteers, aides, helpers, equipment inventory
What do PE Teachers do (continued)
collaborate with other teachers, adm. parents, communities
continue professional development like read journals..go to conferences
More what PE teachers do
counsel students
represent their schools, PE professsion, know and behave professionally.
What is the central features of a day in the life of PE teachers?
Always plan a week ahead..practice after school.. go to games.
IEP individual education plans
classes
Preparing to be a PE teachers what are the differences in states.
Levels of certification specialities field expereince Nearly always previous experience is required to get a job.
What does it mean teachers work as a team?
collaborate with each others ideas
Inportance of working togethers in larger programs
organize multiple PE different teaching methods…
National standards for beginning PE teachers NASPE advabced stabdards in PE education
to keep high standards pass test get certified
What to get to teach?
Teachers are licensed at the state level.. there is a little difference in different state requirements
which is the best of all teaching certifications?
nbpts National Board for Professional Teaching Standards
What does APENS stand for and what is it?
Adapted PE National Standards…
an exam for certification …adapt to situation..
For students to adopt and value PA lifestyle..
instructional strategies
good environment
learning climate
alignment across school levers
not alone
What are some problems in PE
Lack of time Money Size Exemptions
PE as punishment skill dif…place..liability..gender..competition good? bad?
NCLB (no child left behind)
What are some ways of getting out of PE…exemptions/ wavers/ substitutions.
Religion…testing out….band, cheerleading, ROTC.. interscholastic activities/ disabilities are in things out of school.
How is PA used as a form of government?
sports…do more or sit out… considered corporatl punishmentin CA, HI, MA… effects?
What is fair play?
full effort/ bing on time ane ready/ good sport/ respect //being helpful and not harmful.
By end of third grade..
reading well or not and if they’re obese
this tends to stick with them through HS.
In the past 2 decades obesity
has double in children and tripled in adolescents the poor are more likeley to be obese
NCLB
No child left behind
Things that influenxw how facilities are laid out
maintenance cost vs access
access..split time..multipurpose
necessare by not good eough for quality program old gyms
Skill equity
low skills lose out
help each meet objective but not time
how are they coping with not enough time?
taking 1 skill acquisition
specialty teacher vs tradition style
Past teacher in one room teaching everything. often teaching PE after only one course in preparation
Liability why
increase in litigious socienty
changes in programs
Districts have a Risk Management Office
teacher supervision is critical to prevent negligence charges.
Gender Equity Title IX
female teacher marginalize by male teachers
girls have fewer opportunitis
girls hate classes and avoid them
good and bad competition
festival atmosphere; forum to test selves; rivalry; strive for best effort..
fair play in competition
full particiation best effort good sport respect helpfu.
Eccentric muscle actions result from isometric muscle contractions. T F
FALSE
Isokinetic muscle contractions involve a dynamic movement wherein the speed of movements variable … T F
FALSE
Contractility is the ability of a muscle to contract and develop tension or internal forced ……….. in the same direction (wrong) as a resistant force when stimulated T F
FALSE
The term action refers to a specific movement of a joint that occurs as a result from a concentric muscle contraction T F
TRUE
Isotonic contractions are described as either concentric or eccentric on the basis whether shortening or lengthening of the muscle occurs T F
TRUE
Joint movement may occur without any muscle contraction. T F
TRUE
Eccentric muscle contractions are referred to as muscle actions instead of a contraction since the muscle is shortening as opposed to lengthening. T F
FALSE
The term isokinetic describes a type of dynamic exercise that uses concentric and or eccentric muscle contractions T F
TRUE !
The term isokinetic describes a type of dynamic exercise that uses concentric and/or eccentric muscle contraction
TRUE
When antagonist muscles contract concentrically they perform the opposite joint motion of the agonist muscle
TRUE
Which of the following are not true with regard to an isometric muscle contraction?
tension is developed within muscle but joint angles remain constant
considered to be a static contraction Is considered to be a dynamic contraction…
joint angle may be maintained in a relatively stable position
not true:
Is considered to be a dynamic contraction
. Which of the following is not true regarding concentric muscle contractions? a muscle develops active tension as it shortens contractions occur when the muscle develops enough force to overcome resistance
commonly described as being a negative type of contraction
commonly described as being a negative type of contraction
Which of the following is true regarding concentric muscle contractions?
the force developed by the muscle is less than that of the resistance
Contractions cause movement against gravity or resistance.
Causes a body part to remain stable against gravity or external forces
Results in the joint angle changing in the opposite direction of the applied muscle force
Which of the following is true regarding concentric muscle contractions?
the force developed by the muscle is less than that of the resistance
Contractions cause movement against gravity or resistance.
Causes a body part to remain stable against gravity or external forces
Results in the joint angle changing in the opposite direction of the applied muscle force
Which of the following is not true regarding eccentric muscle action?
Typically called a posited type of muscle contraction
The muscle lengthens under tension
Occurs when muscle gradually lessens in tension to control decent of resistance
Weight or resistance overcomes muscle contraction but not to the point that muscle cannot control descending movement.
Typically called a posited type of muscle contraction
Which of the following is true regarding an eccentric muscle or action?
the muscle does not control the movement with gravity or resistance
Described as a positive type of contraction (no, eccentric is a negative type) The force developed by the muscle is less than that of the resistance
Results in the joint angle changing in the direction opposite that of the resistance or external force.
The force developed by the muscle is less than that of the resistance
Which of the following is not a true statement regarding isokinetic exercise?
The speed of velocity of movement is constant
Muscular contraction occurs only though part of the movement
Is not another type or classification of muscle contraction.
Can only be performed on machines such as Biodex, Cubex, and
Muscular contraction occurs only though part of the movement
Which of the following is a true statement about agonist muscles Causes a joint motion through a specified plane of motion when contracting concentrically
Causes a joint movement through specified plane of motion when contraction isometrically
eccentricall isokinetically
Causes a joint motion through a specified plane of motion when contracting concentrically
is not a true statement regarding antagonist muscles
These muscles work against agonist muscles by contracting and preventing movement
42. Which of the following is a true statement regarding synergist muscles?
not prime movers/ not assist / are gliding muscles yes /
are gliding muscles
The subconscious mechanism by which the body is able to regulate posture and movement is
kinesthesis proprioception reflex pathogenesis
proprioception
48. ____ occurs when an antagonistic muscle becomes stretched to the point at which it
can no longer lengthen and allow movement.
Active insufficiency Countercurrent movement Passive insufficiency
Reciprocal innervation
Passive insufficiency

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