Non-fiction Unit

table of contents
comes at the beginning of the book; gives the name and page #’s of chapters or sections
index
comes at the end of the book; ABC order list of what pages certain words can be found on
glossary
comes at the end of the book; gives the definitions of important words
pronunciation guide
comes at the end of the book; breaks down words into syllables so you know how to pronounce them
headings
tells what a section is about; they are usually bold or in all CAPITALS
bold words
darker and thicker than other words; important words that the author wants you to know
chart
a visual way to organize information
diagram
a labeled picture or drawing
graph
a visual way to organize and compare information; pictograph, bar graph, line graph, pie chart
photograph
a real-life picture
illustration
a drawing, painted or cut-out picture
map
a visual guide that shows where places are
key
the part of the map or graph that shows what symbols mean
graphic symbol
a painting or drawing that represents something else; example: * = state capital
deck
sub-heading; letters are large, not as big as the heading; tells more information about the section
text structures
description or list; sequence or time order; compare and contrast; cause and effect

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