Medical Terminology

EXTIRPATION
Taking or cutting out solid matter from a body part.
S, BS, R, BP, A, D, Q
Section, Body System, Root Operation, Body Part/Region, Approach, Device, Qualifier
Excision
Cut out or off, WITHOUT replacement, a PORTION of a body part. Example Partial nephrectomy, liver biopsy.
Resection
Cutting out or off, WITHOUT replacement ALL of a body part: Example Total nephrectomy, total lobectomy of the lung.
Detachment
Cutting off ALL or PART of the upper or lower extremities. Example BKA, disarticulation of shoulder, amputation above elbow
Destruction
Physical ERADICATION of ALL or a PORTION of a body part by direct use of energy, force or a destructive agent. Example: Fulguration of rectal polyp, cautery of skin lesion, fulguration of endometrium
Extraction
Pulling or Stripping out ALL or a PORTION of a body part. Example: D&C and vein stripping.
Drainage
Taking or letting out fluids and/or gasses from a body part. Example Thoracentesis, incision and drainage
Fragmentation
Breaking solid matter in a body part into pieces. Example: ESWL, transurethral lithotripsy
Division
Cutting into a body part WITHOUT draining fluids and/or gases from the body part in order to separate or transect a body part. Example: Spinal Cordotomy, osteotomy, neurotomy
Release
Freeing a body part.
Example – adhesiolysis, carpal tunnel release
Transplantation
Putting in/on all or portion of living body part taken from another individual/animal to physically take the place and/or function of all or a portion of a similar part. Example: Kidney transplant, heart transplant
Reattachment
Putting back in or on all or a portion of a separated body part to its normal location or other suitale location. Example- Reattachment of hand, reattachment of abulsed kidney
Transfer
Moving, WITHOUT taking out, all/portion of body part to other location to take over functions of all/portion of body part. Example: Tendontransfer, skin pedicle flap transfer
Reposition
Moving to its normal location or other location all or a portion of a body part. Example – Reposition of undescended testicle, fracture reduction
Restriction
PARTIALLY closing the orifice or lumen of a tabular body part. Example: Esophagogastric fundoplication, cervical cerclage
Occlusion
COMPLETELY closing an orifice or lumen of a tubular body part. Example Fallopian tube ligation, ligation of inferior vena cava
Dilation
Expanding an orifice or the lumen of a TUBULAR body part. Example: PTCA, pyloromyotomy
Bypass
Altering rout of passage of the contents of a tubular body part. Example CABG, colostomy formation
Insertion
Putting a NONBIOLOGICAL APPLIANCE that monitors, assists, performs, or prevents a physiological function but does not physically take the place of a body part. Example: Insertion of radioactive implant, insertion of central venous catheter.
Replacement
Putting in or on a biological or synthetic material that takes the place of all or a portion of a body part. Example Total hip replacement, free skin graft.
Supplement
Putting in or on MATERIAL that PHYSICALLY REINFORCES and/or AUGMENTS the function of a portion of a body part. Example – Herniorrhaphy using mesh, heart valve annuloplasty.
Change
Taking out or off a device from a body part and putting back an identical or similar device in or on the same part WITHOUT cutting or puncturing the skin or a mucous membrane. Example Urinary catheter change, gastrostomy tube change, drainage tube change.
Removal
Taking out or off a device from a body part. Example Drainage tube removal, cardiac pacemaker removal
Revision
Correctoin, to the extent possible, a malfunctioning/displaced device. Example – Adjustment o a pacemaker lead, adjustment of hip prosthesis
Inspection
Visually and/or manually exploring a body part. Example – Diagnostic arthroscopy, exploratory laparotomy
Map
Locating the rout of passage of electrical impulses and/or locating functional areas in a body part. Example – Cardiac mapping, cortical mapping.
Root operations that take out some or all of a body part.
Excision, Resection, Detachment, Destruction, Extraction
Root operations that take out solids/fluids/gases from a body part
Drainage, Extirpation, Fragmentation
Root operations involving cutting or separation only
Division, Release
Root operations that put in/put back or move some/all of a body part
Transplantation, Reattachment, Transfer, Reposition
Root operations that alter the diameter/route of a tubular body part
Restriction, Occlusion, Dilation, Bypass
Root operations that always involve a device
Insertion, Replacement, Supplement, Change, Removal, Revision
Root operations involving examination only.
Inspection, Map
Map Root Operation
Applicable only to the cardiac conduction mechanism and the central nervous system
Inspection Root Operation
Visual or manual exploration
Revision Root Operation
Revision can include correcting a malfunctioning/displaced device by taking out or putting in components of device such as a screw or pin.
Removal Root Operation
Taking out a device.
Change Root Operation
ALL change porcedures are coded using the approach “External”
Replacement Root Operation
If body part was previously replace, SEPARATE removal proedures is coded for taking out the device.
Dilation Root Operation
Orifice can be a natural orifice or artifically created. Accomplished by stretching a tubular part using intraluminal pressure or by cutting part of the orifice or wall of the tubular body part.
Reposition Root Operation
The body part is moved to a new location from an aberrant one or from a normal location where it is not functioning. The part may or may not be cut out or off to be moved.
Transfer Root Operation
Body part transferred remains connected to its vascular and nervous supply
Reattachment Root Operation
Vascular circulation & nervous pathways may/may not be restablished.
Release Root Operation
Eliminating an abnormal constraint of a body part by cutting or by use of force. Some restraining tissue may be taken out but NONE of the body part is taken out.
Division Root Operation
All or a portion of the body part is separated into two or more portions.
Extirpation Root Operation
Solid matter may be abnormal byproduct of a biological function/foreign body. Solid matter is imedded in a body part or is a lumen of a tubular part. Solid matter may/may not have been previoulsy broken into pieces. no appreciable amount of the part is taken out.
Amputation
Detachment
Total mastectomy
Resection
Cosmetic procedures
Alteration
Partially closing orifice/lumen
Restriction
Taking/cutting out solid matter
Extirpation
Fulguration of rectal polyps
Destruction
Liver biopsy
Excision
Inspection Root Operation
Diagnostic cystoscopy
Thrombectomy
Extirpation
Release
Adhesiolysis
Reposition
Move undescended testes
Division
Neurotomy
Myel
spinal cord
anosmia
lack of sense of smell
breakdown red blood cells
Hemolysis
Thrombus
Blood clot adhering to the wall of a blood vessel or organ.
embolus
traveling thrombus
double fracture
segmental
artifical ankylosis
Arthrodesis
surgical immobilization of a joint
Arthrodesis
Flexion
Bending movement that decreases the angle between two parts
Apex of the lung
Uppermost portion of the lung
Splinter or crushed bone
Comminuted
Iron
Sider
bol/o
to cast (throw) BOWL
cis/o
to cut
kary/o
nucleus
later/o
side
sarc/o
flesh
Thel/o
nipple
ana
up, apart,
cata
down
con
with, together
ec, ecto
out, outsie
meta
change, beyond
para
abnormal, beside, near
per
through
syn, sym
together, with
genesis
condition of producing, forming
RUQ
liver, gallbladder, pancreas, small intestine and large intestine
LUQ
Left lob of liver, stomach, spleen, part of pancreas, parts of small and large intestine.
RLQ
small and large intestines, right ovary, right fallopian tube, APPENIX, right ureter
LLQ
small and large intestine, left ovary, left fallopian tube, left ureter.
5 body cavities
Cranial, thoracic, Abdominal, Pelvic, Spinal
9 abdominopelvic regions
Hypochondriac (L&R), Epigastric, Hypogastric, Inguinal (L&R), Umbilical, Lumbar (L&R)
Cranial
Brain and pituitary gland
Thoracic
Lungs, heart, esophagus, bronchial tubes, thymus gland, aorta
Abdominal
Stomach, small & large intestine, spleen, pancreas, liver & gallbladder.
Retroperitoneal area
holds the kidneys
Pelvic
Small & Large intestines, rectum, urinary bladder, urethra, ureters.
7, 12, 5, 5, 4
Cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacral, coccygeal
Sacral
5 fused pieces
Coccygeal
4 fused pieces
superior
closer to the head
Inferior
toward the feet
Ventral
anterior
Dorsal
posterior

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *