Medical Terminology Plus

gon/o
seed
terat/o
monster
Teratoma is when a baby is born with a monstorous tumor
vas/o
vessel
balanitis
inflammation of the glans penis
cryptoorchism/cryptorchidism
undescended testicle
hydrocele
clear fluid sac in scrotum
hypospadias
urethral opening on the underside of the penis
phimosis
narrowing of prepuce opening over glans penis
syphilis
CHRONIC sexually transmitted disease caused by a spirochete
varicocele
dilated spermatic veins
capn/o
carbon dioxide
coni/o
dust
phren/o; phreni-, phrenico-, phreno
diaphragm
spir/o

hint – spirometry

breath, breathing
tel/o
complete
-ema
condition
-ema
condition
-ia
condition
iasis
condition of
-osmia
smell
-ptysis
spitting
-sphyxia
pulse
-thorax
chest
croup
swelling around the vocals which is common in infants and children
pneumoconiosis
deposition of large amounts of dust or other particlate matter in the lungs; multiple forms are associated with the type of particulate matter such as silicosis, asbestosis, etc.
rales
crackling on inspiration
rhonchi
loud rumbling
paroxysmal
spasm, seizure,- pertaining to sudden occurrence
sarcoidosis
scar tissue in the connective lung tissue
stridor
wheeze
wheezes
high pitched whistling sounds caused by narrowed airway – associated with asthma
brobchiectasis
stretching of the bronchi
COPD
Chronic progressive lung disease. 2 most common associated diseases are emphysema and chronic obstructive bronchitis, asthmatic bronchitis, chronic bronchitis.
cystic fibrosis
inherited disorder of exocrine glands
diptheria
contagious – involves nose, throat and air passages
emphysema
chronic over-inflation of the air sacs in the lungs
pertussis
whooping cough
pertussis
infectious disease caused by Bordetella pertusis
pulmonary embolism
clot of other material lodged in vessels of the lung
tuberculosis
potentially fatal contagious disease that an affet almost any part of the body, but mainly the lungs
apex
uppermost portion of lung
base
lower portion of the lung
cilia
thin hairs attached to the lining of the respiratory tract
hilum
midline region where the blood vessels, nerves, lymphatic tissue and bronchial tubes enter the lungs
pector/o
root – breast or chest
sphyxia
pulse
ankyl/o
stiff
asthenia
lack of strength
blast
immature
blast
immature
clast
osteoclast – the cell that reabsorbs bone
desis
to bind, tie together
kyph/o
humpback
leiomy/o
smooth muscle tht lines the wall of the internal organs
listhesis
slipping
lord/o
surve, swayback
myel/o
spinal cord, bone marrow
perone/o
fibula
-physis
growth plate, to grow
-plant/o
sole of the foot
-porosis
condition of bone of being porous with increased trnaslucency to x-rays
rhabdomy/o
skeletal muscle
rheumat/o
watery flow
-tome
part:segment (myotome)
cutting instrument (microtome)
crepitus
grating, crackling, popping sounds made by fractured ends of bone moving against each other or bone against bone in advanced arthritis
sprain
stretching or tearing of ligaments
strain
stretching or tearng of muscle or tendon
ankylosing spondylitis
inflammatory process ausing some of the vertebrae to fuse together
osteochondroma
benign tumor of both bone and cartilage and usually near en of a long bone.
radicuopathy
any disease that affects the spinal nerve roots
talipes
congenital, causing clubfoot, foot to turn inward and downward
SLE systemic lupus erythematosus
chronic inflammatory disease affecting joints, skin, kidneys, nervous system, heart and lungs
exostosis
benign (noncancerous) bone tumors
leiomyosarcoma
smooth muscle (visceral) tumor
osteosarcoma/osteogenic sarcoma
cancerous bone tumor develops during period of rapid growth in adolescence as teenager matures into an adult
rhabdomyosarcoma
striated skeletal muscle sarcoma
sarcoma
less common malignant tumors (fleshy tumors)

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