Materia Medica

What are the actions of Wu Wei Zi (Schisandra Fruit)?
  1. Augments KD, preserves LU Qi, stops cough
  2. Astringes sweat, generates fluids
  3. Retains essence, stops diarrhea
  4. Benefits HT, calms shen

What are the applications of Shan Zhu Yu (Cherry Fruit)?

  1. LV/KD Deficiency
  2. KD Deficiency in securing (incontinence, frequency, spermatorrhea)
  3. LV/KD Deficiency with instability of Chong/Ren (heavy or prolonged menses)
How are Long Gu (Dragon Bone) and Mu Li ( Oyster Shell) cooked?

Long Gu – crush first, then cook 20-30 minutes before adding other herbs

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Mu Li – cook 20-30 minutes before adding other herbs

What are the actions of Hu Po (Amber)?
  1. Arrests fright, calms shen
  2. Invigorates blood, removes stasis
  3. Promotes urination, relieves and stops bleeding strangury
How is Hu Po (Amber) administered?
As a pill or powder.

Never a decoction.

What are the actions of Suan Zao Ren (Sour Jujube)?
  1. Nourishes Yin and Blood in HT and LV
  2. Calms Shen
  3. Astringes sweating
Compare Suan Zao Ren (Sour Jujube) with Bai Zi Ren (Biota Seed).
  1. Both nourish HT and calm shen.
  2. Bai Zi Ren enters KD and LI, Suan Zao Ren does not.
  3. Bai Zi Ren harmonizes KD and HT, Suan Zao Ren does not.
  4. Bai Zi Ren moistens intestines and relaxes bowels, Suan Zao Ren does not.
What are the actions of Yuan Zhi (Chinese Senega Root)?
  1. Calms Shen, quiets the HT
  2. Expels phlegm, stops cough, unblocks HT orifices
  3. Resolves abscesses, reduces swelling
What are the applications of Yuan Zhi (Chinese Senega Root)?
  1. Insomnia, palpitations with anxiety, restlessness & disorientation
  2. Forgetfulness due to HT/KD disharmony
  3. Phlegm misting the portals of the HT
  4. Applied topically or taken with wine for boils, abscesses, swollen painful breasts
What are the actions of Ci Shi (Magnetite)?
  1. Anchors LV Yang, settles fright, clams Shen
  2. Nourishes KD, benefits LV Yin
  3. Improves hearing/vision
  4. Aids the KD in grasping Qi
How is Zhen Zhu (Pearl) administered?
As a pill, powder, or eye drops
How is Zhen Zhu Mu (Pearl Shell) cooked?
Cook for 30 minutes before adding other herbs
What are the applications of Su He Xiang (Styrax)?
  1. Open orifices
  2. Strongly expels phlegm
  3. Dissipates depression
  4. Stops pain
What are the applications of Bing Pian (Borneolum)?
  1. Treats heat leading to eye problems with HA, red, swollen eyes, superficial visual obstructions, and sores in mouth.
  2. Treats impaired consciousness, fainting and convulsions.
What is the application of Ling Yang Jiao (Antelope Horn)?
  1. Most often used for childhood convulsions, seizure disorders, stubborn high fevers with stirring wind due to intense heat.
  2. Dizziness, vertigo and splitting HA due to LV Yang Rising (HTN)
  3. HA, red, swollen eyes and photophobia due to LV Fire.
  4. High fever, delirium, mania, loss of consciousness due to heat entering PC
  5. Wind Damp Heat Bi
What is the substitute for Ling Yang Jiao (Antelope Horn) in modern practice?
Shan Yang Jiao (Goat Horn)
What are the applications of Shan Zhu Yu/Shan Yu Rou (Cherry Fruit)?
  1. LV/KD Deficiency
  2. KD Deficiency in securing: incontinence, spermatorrhea, urinary frequency
  3. LV/KD Deficiency with instability of Chong/Ren: heavy and prolonged menses
  4. Profuse sweating in deficient patterns, esp. shock
Comment on toxicity of Bai Guo (Gingko Nut).
  1. Both nut and leaf are slightly toxic.
  2. Not for high dose or long term use.
  3. Heating, removing outer testa, thin skin below and embryo all reduce toxicity.
  4. Roasting the seeds, then decocting them reduces toxicity.

 

What are the applications of Fu Xiao Mai (Light Wheat)?
  1. Spontaneous sweating due to Qi ?.
  2. Night sweats due to Yin deficiency.
  3. Bone steaming heat due to Yin ?.
What are the applications of Ma Huang Gen (Ephedra Root)?
Used strictly for stopping sweating due to

Qi ?, Yin ? or Postpartum sweating.

Compare Long Gu (Dragon Bone) with Mu Li (Oyster Shell).
  1. Long Gu enters HT, KD, and LV; Mu Li enters only KD and LV.
  2. Both are general tranquilizers, settling fright and calming Shen.
  3. Both astringe leakages and stop bleeding.
  4. Long Gu is used topically to engender flesh and close sores.
  5. Mu Li is used for phlegm nodules and fire stagnation (Scrofula, Goiter)
  6. Mu Li is used in calcined form for xs ST pain and sour taste in mouth.
What are the actions of He Huan Pi (Mimosa Tree Bark)?
  1. Disperses LV constraint and calms Shen
  2. Invigorates blood, reduces swelling and relieves pain.
What are the actions of Ye Jiao Teng (Fleeceflower Vine)?
  1. Nourishes HT blood, calms Shen
  2. Dispels wind, relieves itching, unblocks channels
What precautions should be used when using She Xiang (Musk Deer Secretions)?
  1. Use caution in pregnancy
  2. Yin deficiency with heat
  3. HTN or compromised KD function

Not for long term use.

What precautions should be used when using Su He Xiang (Rose Maloes Resin)?
High fever with coma, spontaneous sweating and collapse
What precautions should be used when using Bing Pian (Gingko Nut)?
Pregnancy or Qi/Blood Deficiency patterns.

 

Do not expose to heat.

What are the applications of Shi Jue Ming (Concha Shell)?
  1. HA, dizziness, red eyes due to LV Yang Rising
  2. Photophobia, pterygium or other superfical visual obstructions with red eyes and blurred vision due to heat.
How long is Gou Teng (Gambir Vine) cooked?
No longer than 20 minutes – usually only 10
What are the properties of Tian Ma (Gastrodia)?
Sweet and neutral which means it won’t be drying.
What are the applications of Tian Ma (Gastrodia)?
  1. Single most important herb for dizziness due to internal wind
  2. HA, dizziness, childhood convulsions, epilepsy, tonic-clonic spasms, opisthotonos
  3. HA, dizziness, migraines due to wind-phlegm
  4. Apoplexy due to hemiplegia, dizziness, numbness
  5. Pain and numbness of lower back and extremities due to wind damp bi.
What are the actions of Jiang Can (Silkworm)?
  1. Extinguishes wind, expels phlegm and relieves spasms and convulsions
  2. Dispels exterior wind and stops pain and itching
  3. Transforms phlegm and dissipates nodules
What are the actions of Di Long (Earthworm)?
  1. Drains heat, calms LV, anchors LV Yang
  2. Stops spasms, convulsions
  3. Clears LU heat, expels phlegm, stops wheezing
  4. Clears heat, promotes urination
  5. Relieves swelling and pain, promotes flesh generation
What are the applications of Di Long (Earthworm)?
  1. Extremely high fever leading to changes in consciousness, incoherent speech, convulsions, seizures
  2. Wheezing due to LU heat
  3. Hot painful urinary dribbling
  4. Swollen painful joints with decreased motion/hemiplegia due to lack of flow in channels
  5. LV Yang HTN (recent)
What is the property of Shi Jue Ming (Concha Shell)?
Salty, cold
What are the actions of Quan Xie (Scorpion)?
  1. Extinguishes wind, transforms phlegm, resolves tetany
  2. Unblocks collaterals and relieves pain
  3. Strongly expels toxins, dissipates nodules
What are the applications of Quan Xie (Scorpion)?
  1. Spasms, acute or chronic childhood convulsions, tetany, opisthotonos, tics, muscular tetany, seizures
  2. Stubborn HA and painful obstruction
  3. Topically for toxic sores, swellings and scrofula

This is a toxic substance.

What are the precautions when using She Xiang (Musk Deer Secretions) for hastening delivery of dead fetus?
  1. Do not use during normal pregnancy
  2. Use caution with HTN or compromised KD function
What are the actions of Lian Zi (Lotus Seed)?
  1. Tonifies SP, stops diarrhea
  2. Tonifies SP, clears leucorrhea
  3. Strengthens KD, secures essence
  4. Nourishes HT, calm Shen
What are the applications of Lian Zi (Lotus Seed)?
  1. SP Qi Deficiency:; chronic diarrhea, loss of appetite
  2. KD Deficiency: premature ejaculation, spermatorrhea, xs uterine bleeding, vaginal discharge due to KD ;
  3. SP/HT Deficiency
  4. HT/KD Disharmony: palpitations with anxiety, irritability, insomnia
Compare Qian Shi (Euryale Seed) with Lian Zi (Lotus Seed).
  1. Both tonify SP and stop diarrhea
  2. Both strengthen KD and secure essence
  3. Both reduce leucorrhea
  4. Both are used for SP/KD Deficiency
  5. Only Lian Zi enters the HT and calms Shen

;

What are the actions of Hai Piao Xiao (Cuttlefish Bone)?
  1. Astringes essence, binds vaginal discharge
  2. Stops bleeding by astringing
  3. Controls acidity and relieves epigastric pain, softens hardness
  4. Resolves dampness, reduces exudation, promotes healing
Compare Hai Piao Xiao (Cuttlefish Bone) with Sang Piao Xiao (Mantis Egg Case).
  1. Hai Piao Xiao enter KD, LV, and ST; Sang Piao Xiao enters only KD, LV
  2. Hai Piao Xiao stops bleeding, leucorrhea and can be used topically to stop bleeding from trauma.; Sang Piao is not used to stop bleeding
  3. Sang Piao Xiao restrains urine, Hai Piao Xiao does not
  4. Sang Piao Xiao tonifies KD and nourishes Yang, Hai Piao Xiao does not
  5. Hai Piao Xiao stops ST pain, belching acid regurgitation
  6. Hai Piao Xiao is salty, astringent, slightly warm; Sang Piao Xiao is sweet, salty neutral
What are the actions of Wu Mei (Mume Fruit)?
  1. Retains leakage of LU Qi, stops cough
  2. Astringes intestines, stops diarrhea
  3. Quenches thirst
  4. Calms roundworms, relieves pain, stops vomiting
  5. Astringes and stops bleeding
How is Hu Po (Amber) administered?
As a pill or powder not decoction
What are the actions of Dai Zhe Shi (Hematite)?
  1. Calms LV and anchors Yang
  2. Strongly directs counterflow Qi downward
  3. Cools blood and stops bleeding
In what condition(s) is Shan Zhu Yu contraindicated?
  1. Urinary pain and difficulty
  2. Damp Heat
Of Long Gu (Dragon Bone) and Mu Li (Oyster Shell), which is used to treat phlegm nodules and fire stagnation (as in goiter)?
Mu Li (Oyster Shell)
To what category does Lian Zi (Lotus Seed) belong?
Herbs that Astringe essence, restrain urine and clear leucorrhea.
What do Wu Wei Zi (Schisandra Fruit), Bai Guo (Gingko Nut) and Wu Mei (Mume Fruit) have in common?
They all astringe LU/LI.
What are the most important applications for Wu Mei (Mume Fruit)?
  1. Incessant, chronic diarrhea, including hemafecia
  2. Thirst due to Heat from deficiency or Qi and Yin deficiency and wasting thirst
What is the distinguishing property of Wu Mei (Mume Fruit)?
It is extremely sour and therefore is used to quench thirst.
Name the Herbs in the “Nourish the HT and Calm Shen” category.
  1. Suan Zao Ren (Sour Jujube)
  2. Bai Zi Ren (Biota Seed)
  3. Yuan Zhi (Chinese Senega Root)
  4. He Huan Pi (Mimosa Tree Bark)
  5. Ye Jiao Teng (Fleeceflower Vine)
  6. Ling Zhi (Ganoderma)
Which Herbs Astringe the LU/LI?
  1. Wu Wei Zi (Schisandra)
  2. Bai Guo  (Gingko Nut)
  3. Wu Mei (Mume Fruit)
  4. Chun Pi (Ailanthus Bark)
  5. Rou Dou Kou (Nutmeg Seeds)
  6. He Zi (Chebula)

What is the most commonly used Herb for nourishing the HT and calming Shen?
Suan Zao Ren (Sour Jujube)
Which Herbs are the Aromatics that Open Orifices?
  1. She Xiang (Musk Deer Secretions)
  2. Su He Xiang (Styrax/Rose Maloes)
  3. Bing Pian (Borneol)
  4. Niu Huang (Cattle Gallstone)
  5. Shi Chang Pu (Sweetflag Rhizome)
  6. An Xi Xiang (Benzoin)
What is the most intensely aromatic and penetrating substance in the entire Materia Medica?
She Xiang (Musk Deer Secretions)
Why is She Xiang (Musk Deer Secretions) so effective in treating trauma and sores?
It has strong aromatic and penetrating properties.
For what condition is Su He Xiang (Styrax/Rose Maloes) especially useful?
Apoplexy with collapse due to phlegm
Which Aromatic Herb is particularly effective in clearing heat and resolving toxicity?
Niu Huang (Bovine Calculus)
Which Herbs act primarily to treat incontinence and urinary frequency?
Sang Piao Xiao (Mantis Egg Case)

Qian Shi (Euryales Seed)

Which is more effective at calming the Spirit:  Long Gu (Dragon Bone) or Mu Li (Concha Shell)?
Long Gu

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