education

Plato, Aristotle – identified two qualities distinguishing adolescents from children
– Reasoning Ability
– Self-determination
G. Stanley Hall – began the scientific study of adolescence.
Investigated the influence of biological (Nature) and environmental (Nurture) factors
Concluded Storm and Stress view of adolescence
Stereotypes
focus on highly visible members of a group leads to generalizations which result in a negative perspective toward ALL members
Asset
Not sitting still (individual). Student is energetic (allow them to dance during singing)
Deficit
Not sitting still (individual), Uncontrollable kid
Equilibration
A shift of thought from 1 state to another. At times adolescents experience cognitive conflict or disequilibrium when trying to understand the world.
Schema
a mental concept or framework useful in organizing and interpreting information
Assimilation
incorporation of new information into existing cognitive structures
Accommodation
an adjustment to new information through formation of new cognitive structures
Hardening of the categories
No problem assimilating new Info which fit our current world view, but it’s increasingly difficult to accommodate new information.
Intelligence:
The ability to solve problems and adapt to and learn from everyday experiences
Triarchic Theory of Intelligence
Analytical Intelligence:
perform well in traditional schools, often doing well in classes which the teacher lectures and gives objective tests
Triarchic Theory of Intelligence
Creative Intelligence
often not in the top of their class because of lack of conforming to expectations on how assignments should be done. They give unique answers that may lead to reprimand and low scores
Triarchic Theory of Intelligence
Practical Intelligence
often do not perform well in traditional schools, but do well outside of school because their social skills and common sense may allow them to become successful managers, politicians,
Gardner’s 8 Frames of Mind
Verbal intelligence
ability to think in words & use language to express meaning
Gardner’s 8 Frames of Mind
Logical-mathematical intelligence
ability to carry out math operations
Gardner’s 8 Frames of Mind
Spatial intelligence
Ability to think 3 dimensionally
Gardner’s 8 Frames of Mind
Bodily-Kinesthetic intelligence
ability to manipulate objects & be physically adept
Gardner’s 8 Frames of Mind
Musical intelligence
Sensitivity to pitch, melody, rhythm, & tone
Gardner’s 8 Frames of Mind
Interpersonal intelligence
ability to understand & effectively interact with others
Gardner’s 8 Frames of Mind
Intrapersonal intelligence
ability to understand oneself
Gardner’s 8 Frames of Mind
Naturalist intelligence
observe patterns in nature & understand natural systems
Concrete
Able to solve concrete (hands-on) problems
Formal
Able to solve abstract problems in logical fashion
Critical Thinking
Thinking reflectively and productively and evaluating the evidence.
Self-understanding
awareness of and ability to understand one’s own actions and reactions.
Self-Esteem
referred to as self-worth or self-image
Self-concept
an idea of the self constructed from the beliefs one holds about oneself and the responses of others
erikson
IDENTITY
Successful coping with conflicting roles = identity emerges that is acceptable to the person
erikson
IDENTITY CONFUSION
Unsuccessful coping = identity emerges & they isolate themselves or get immersed in world of peers & lose identity in the crowd.
Identity
Who a person believes he or she is, representing a synthesis & integration of self-understanding
Ethnic Racial Identity Development
PREENCOUNTER
PREFERENCE FOR DOMINANT CULTURE
Ethnic Racial Identity Development
ENCOUNTER
MOVEMENT TOWARD IDENTITY AS A MINORITY
Ethnic Racial Identity Development
IMMERSION/EMERSION
REJECTION OF DOMINANT CULTURE
Ethnic Racial Identity Development
INTERNALIZATION/COMMITMENT
RECOGNITION OF VALUES OF EACH CULTURE

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *