Educating Adolescents

4 Things Expert Teachers Do
Plan, Monitor, Evaluate, Automatize
Attributes of Successful Students
1. Use Effective Learning Strategies. 2. Possess incremental view of intelligence. 3. Have high aspirations. 4. Have high perceived self-efficacy. 5. Pursue a task to completion. 6. Take responsibility for themselves and their actions. 7. Can delay gratification.
Memory Strategies
1. Categorical Clustering. 2. Interactive Images. 3. Pegwords. 4. Method of loci. 5. Acronym. 6. Acrostic. 7. Keywords
Think-aloud protocols
You think aloud and methodically state your steps in solving a problem or doing a task.
Incremental view of intelligence
the belief that intelligence can be increased
Entity view of intelligence
the belief that intelligence is fixed
Mastery-oriented beliefs
students are concerned with mastery of the material; associated with incremental view of intelligence.
Performance-oriented beliefs
students are concerned with performing well.
student volition
the tendency for a student to pursue a goal once the student began to take action to reach that goal.
self-efficacy
your beliefs about how competent you are
internal vs. external personality patterns
Internals tend to take responsibility for their lives. Externals tend to place responsibility outside of themselves (i.e. blaming the world).
metacognitive processes
processes in which one “thinks about thinking”; associated with planning, monitoring, and evaluating.
automatizing
developing the ability to perform important tasks without thinking too much about them (staying between the lines while driving; in a classroom, a teacher silencing a student in the back without getting the class off track)
expert teachers
use a broad base of organized knowledge and experience efficiently and creatively to solve the many kinds of problems that occur in educational settings.
expert learners
use strategies to help them learn efficiently and are open to challenge sand willing to overcome problems to achieve learning goals.
reflective thinking
reflecting on your progress at teaching, and attempting to understand what you are doing right and doing wrong and why.
pedagogical content knowledge
knowledge of how to teach what is specific to the subject that is being taught
7 Skills that make an expert teacher
1. content knowledge. 2. pedagogical knowledge. 3. pedagogical-content knowledge. 4. well-organized knowledge. 5. interrelated knowledge. 6. efficiency. 7. creative insight.
Global parts of lesson plan (examples)
routines for checking homework, presenting new material (not related to the specific subject)
Local parts of the lesson plan (examples)
routines for presenting particular concepts (tailored to the content being taught.
Decision elements in lesson plans
tell the teacher what to do when typical types of questions are asked, and allow for unanticipated circumstances.
Descriptive research
a scientist observes and describes what is happening in a situation without changing its dynamics
Positive correlation
when one thing increases, the other does too
Negative correlation
when one thing increases, the other decreases
statistically significant
means that results are unlikely to be caused by random or chance variation
case study
an in-depth observation of one individual
Herder and Voltgeist
Nation and Nationalism
Befreiungskriege
Giuseppi Mazinni and Risorgimento
Camillo de Cavour
Realpolitik
Otto Van Bismarck
Austro-Prussian War 1866
Franco Prussian War 1870
Alsace and Lorraine

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