E.O.G. Reading Strategies

summary
A summary explains the most important ideas that are in something you read. Usually, a summary contains the main idea and 2 or 3 important supporting details that explain what you have just read is about.
sequence
putting dates or events in the correct order from begining to end, or vice-versa.
Opinion
The way YOU fell about a topic. May begin with I feel, I like, I think, etc.
Fact
A statement that can be proven true.
Drawing Conclusions/Conclude
Pull out important details from the selection to decide what the author is saying.
Infer/Inference
Reading all the clues and making your best guess
Validity
If something is “valid” it is true. The author will often mention facts, ideas, names, etc. to add to a topic to prove it is true.
Hidden Message
The author is trying to tell you something, or persuade you, but they don’t come out and say it. You have to figure it out.
Context Clues
When you are trying to figure out the definition of a word, use the words or phrases that are in the same sentence as the word, or use the sentences around the word.
Main Idea
The main idea is the main reason that the story was written
Assumption/Assume
When you make or have your own opinion based on what you’ve read.
Foreshadow
The use of hints or clues to suggest what will happen later in literature.
Moral
The lesson expressed in a selection.
…Best describes
Which word best describes…. this type of question requires you to use the information and facts given in the selection and choose the answer. (More than 1 answer may be right, but you are looking for the answer with the most supporting facts.)
Author’s Purpose
WHY the author writes the selection: inform (give information), persuade (they want you to do something), entertain (you like reading the selection), and express (to describe and give vivid detail).
Characters
The people or animals in the selection. They could be fiction or non-fiction.
Setting
Where (place/area) and when (date/time) the selection takes place.
Characteristics
Words or phrases that describe chracters. You can come up with these traits by what the character’s actions, words and thoughts.
Comparing
Telling what 2 things have in common (the same).
Contrasting
Telling what 2 things have different.
Putting words in Italics
Words are often put in italics because you may need to refer to them late, they may be important, or it may be the title of something.
Primary Concern
The most important part or point the author is trying to make.
Based on the Context
These type of questions require you to use the information in the selection to answer find the answer.
Irony/Ironic
A difference between what is said and what is meant.
Figurative Language
Figurative language or speech contains images. It is not taken literally (for real). The writer or speaker describes something through the use of unusual comparisons, for effect, interest, and to make things clearer. The result of using this technique is the creation of interesting images.
Effect
Effect is what happened after a situation.
Cause
Why something happened during a situation. What caused something to happen.
Analogy
Finding a relationship between a group of words. (Dog is to ruff, and cat is to meow.)
Message
The message of a selection is the moral, or hwat the author is trying to teach, like a lesson.
Most Likely
What will probably occur or happen based on the information given.

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