CTEL prep

CLD
culturally and linguistically diverse
CLAD
crosscultural, language, and academic development
CTEL
California Teacher of English Learners
ELD
English-language development
L1
first language
L2
second language
SLA
second-language acquisition
CELDT
Calif. Eng. Language Development Test
LAD
Language Acquisition Device
SUP
separate underlying proficiency: proficiency in Eng. is separate from proficiency in a primary language
CUP
common underlying proficiency: L1 and L2 have a shared foundation, and competence in L1 allows for competence in L2(Cummins)
BICS
basic interpersonal communication skills
CALP
cognitive academic language proficiency
TESOL
Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages
TPR
total physical response: association between language and body movement
LEA
Language Experience Approach
DR-TA
Directed Reading-Thinking Approach: teacher-guided prediction process, then read to confirm ideas
SSSM
Sentence-by-Sentence Self-Monitoring: S reads text silently, then aloud, T reads it back exactly the same, discuss miscues
SRSD
Self-Regulated Strategy Development: students learn strategies for writing, like PLAN and WRITE
CALL
computer-assisted language learning
CMC
computer-mediated communication: the role of computers in facilitiating virtual communication
CALLA
Cognitive Academic Language Learning Approach: cognitive, social-affective and metacognitive strategies plus academic language
SDAIE
Specifically Designed Academic Instruction in English: learn 1. gr-appro. content, 2. Eng vocab and grmr., 3. “academic” Eng., 4. strategies for learning how to learn
NCELA
National Clearinghouse for Eng Lang Acquisition
AVID
Advancement Via Individual Determination: high school “untracking” to help low-achieving Ss get into college prep classes
NCLB
No Child Left Behind: does little to help ELL’s, emphasizes test results, undercuts best practices, demoralizes Ts, forces schls to test to test and cut programs that help ELL’s
AYP
adequate yearly progress
NAEP
National Assessment of Educational Progress
IPT
IDEA Proficiency Test measures oral-lang prof. in ENg.
LAS
Lang Assessment Scale measures oral-lang skills in Eng and Spanish
BSM
Bilingual Syntax Measure measures oral prof in Eng or Spanish grammatical structures & lang dominance
CDE
Calif. Dept. of Ed.
ESEA
Elementary and Secondary Education Act
EIEP
Emergency Immigrant Education Program, part of NCLB, provides assistance to dists whose enrollment at least 3% immigrants, or at least 500 Ss.
EEOA
Equal Education Opportunities Act, guarantees schools will act to overcome lang barriers that impede equal participation
IASA
Improving America’s Schools Act: ELL Ss eligible for Title I services, new PD, research
CATESOL
Calif TESOL (Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages)
SOLOM
Student Oral Lang Observation Matrix
TOEFL
Test of Eng as a Foreign Language
UD
Universal Design: principles for designing prods/environ for those w/health/lrng issues
UID
Universal Instructional Design: UD in education. Ensuring access to info, resource, tools for all.
CBO’s
community-based organizations
FLES
foreign language in elem school
FAPE
free, appropriate public education
MBE
maintenance, or “late exit”, bilingual ed
MMR
mildly mentally retarded
SSL
Spanish as a second language
NES
native English speaker

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