CSET 2012 Visual/Fine/Performing Arts

abstraction
art of movement
adagio
slower tempo; opposite of allegro
allegro
quick lively movements
arabesque
pose in which working leg is extended with a straight knee directly behind the body
attitude
pose modeled after the statue of te winged Mercury by Giovanni Bologna
locomotor movement
one place to another
axial movement
contained movement around an axis of the body
creative movement
dance is primary and nonfunctional with emphasis on boyd mastery for expressive and communicative purposes
dance-point
ball on foot half toe
grand jete
leap from one leg to another in which working leg is kicked or thrown away from body and into air
grand jete en tournan (tour jete)
dancere turns halfway in midair to land facing the direction in which the movement started
line
arrangement of head, shoulders, arms, torso, legs while dancing
modern dance
creative dance involving specialized movement techniques emphasis on expression and communication
movement materials
sequences, motifs, and phrases developed as the choreo dance
pas de deux
a step for two in classical ballet, by two dancers together
passe
passing position in which the foot passes by th knee of the supporting leg.
pirouette
twirl or spin
postmodern dance
1960s, Cunningham, Graham, Humphrey, Limon, Taylor
promenade
adagio movement which dancer pivots completely around on one foot while maintaing a pose with the working leg
romantic era
1820-1870 ballet supernatural subject matter long white tutus dancing on the toes, theatrical innovationsdimming lights
spotting
focusing eyes on one point in distance to keep balance while turning
chamber music
1-20 performers
consonance
combination of tones that produces relaxation
dissonance
tension
fugue
based on short theme called subject, both rhythmic and melodic motifs; one voice along; a second voice restates the subject; thir and fourth carrying the subject
lied
german song
motif
recurring group of notes, fifth symphony
lyre
ancient harp
movement
large section of a lengthy composition
opus
work identified by #
oratorio
major orchestral piece with solo voices and chorus
orchastra
strings, woodwinds, brass, percussion
rhondo
main feature is the return to the main theme which alternates with secondary themes
simple rondo
ABABA
second rondo
ABACA
third rondo
ABACABA
sonata
multimovement instrumental work for solo keyboard or keyboard and another instrument
song form
structure of a song in whic the first section of a simple ternary form is repeated (e.g.: AABA, ABA)
symphony
elaborate musical composition 20-45 min
syncopation
rhythmic effect produced when the expected pattern is deliberately upset
staff
set of 5 lines and 4 spaces; higher the note, higher the pitch
clef
symbol in beginning of each staff indicating pitch or range of sounds
treble cleff
higher pitch
bass cleff
lower range of notes
measure and bar lines
vertical lines on the staff and containsa set of number of beats as determined by the time signature
time signature
top # denotes the # of beats and bottom denotes type of note will receive the beat
scale
succession of notes arranged in an ascending order
6 categories of instruments
string
woodwind
brass
percussion
keyboard
electronic
6 strings
guitar-plucked
viola, violin-high pitch
bass, cello-low pitch
harp-plucked
5 wind instruments (reed)
bassoon
oboe
sax
clarinet
flute
4 brass
french horn
trombone
trumpet
tuba
7 percussions
cymbals
brass drum
snare drum
triangle
timpani
piano
xylophone
4 reasons to teach kids music
auditory skills-attentive listening, develop aural acuity-children must be able to hear and reproduce the tones of music in their minds when no sound is actually being produced

translative skills-reading/writing music, notation-develop cognitive associations of meaning, link visuals w music, learning in conjunction w music

creative skills

performance skills

kids, music, performance skills
singing-develop interpretive skills and understanding of the structure and elements of music
instruments-understanding concepts of sound, pitch, ryhthm
body movement-promotes acuity of perception
conducting-fosters sensitivity
musical analysis-compare listening to exercises
Implications for teaching music in classroom
-build active listening skills
-shape cognitive and mental processes
-its own forms, time periods, cultural characteristics
-enhance other subject areas-visual art
-extends beyond knowledge and skills
-form of therapy medium for self-expression
-instruments created from material from environment
Aristotelian theatre
traditional theater, clear & simple plotting & characters, intellectual, little spectacle. Play should have 3 units (main action, unity of one physical space, and one of time), be written in 5 acts, avoid violence, don’t mix comedy & tragedy
broadway theater
commercial model, 19th century, after WWII, $, very long runs, star performers
creative drama
students improvise scenes for their own growth and edification, not that of an audience, to learn about theater
denouement
traditional dramatic theory, portion of action that immediately follows the climax of a play. ties up loose ends. balancing harmony
exposition
playwriting device of providing info for audience, retrospective exposition
gallery
Elizabethan theatre, one of a tier of alcoves surrounding the interior of the yard where in enclosed boxes and on benches, those who could afford sat
inciting incident
1st in chain of events called rising action, throws the world of the play into disequilibrium (destroying stasis)
lighting plot
plan of stage showing location of each lighting instrument, its size, characters, area of stage where light falls
melodrama
good are very good, bad are very bad, in between drama & tragedy, serious in tone, major figures in great jopardy
neoclassic drama
Renaissance writers attempted to recapture glory of ancient Greece and Roman, 17th-18th Century, unities, rigid verse forms, concern for decorum on stage
pastoral play
extinct genre of play, Italian Ren., countryside of numphs, styrs, shepherds, wandering knights, upbeat in tone, indulge in chance to dress up as peasants, singing, dancing, Recapture the Greek Satyr play
thrust staging
some part of stage extends into and is surrounding by audience
more than 270 degrees
arena staging
restoration comedy
comedy-English restoration 1660-1700, glittering language, salacious plots, debauched characters
proscenium arch
Western, an opening in wall between 2 rooms: stagehouse and auditorium
proscenium staging
fairly narrow array of audiences, keeping them in front of center of arch
vomitoria
tunnels allo audience to enter and exit the large theaters with ease
Monet
French Impressionist, Water Lillies, patterns of water lilies floating on a pond
contrast in visual art
heavy in light, curved or straight, positive and negative, formal or informal
perspective linear
representing 3-d on flat surface, Ranaissance based on math, realistic appearance, converging lines give illusion of depth, Basilica di San Lorenzo, Florence, Italy-vanishing point at end of alter
atmospheric/ariel
create depth and dimension, overlapping, color, size, contrast, darker objects appear closer when using lighter and duller colors for distant objects. lighter objects lose focus and clariy as the appear farther away
Music History Timeline
-middle ages
-renaissance
-baroque
-classical
-romantic
-modern
middle ages music
christianity, crusades, universities, longest period, influenced by Islam, sacred music, monophonic syle, secular song performed by troubadours
renaissance
end of feudalism, humanism, scientific advances, patronage, keyboard, lute, printing press, harmony
baroque
science, new world, Monteverdi, Handel, Bach (composers), ornate style, counterpoint, melodic line, homophonic style (chords), theme and variation, court composers, OPERA, orchestra, ballet, sonato
Classical Era
industrial revolution, age of reason/enlightenment, ORCHESTRA, flutes/oboes, trombones, piano, Rococo style, elegance, grace, string quartet (two violins, viola, cello), Mozart, Beethoven, Haydn
Romantic Period
European Nationalism, new social orders, intense emotion, Poe in literature, Chopin, Liszt, Berlioz, Mendelssohn, Schumann, expressive style, folk music used to express cultural identity, concert overture, symphonic poem, virtuoso performers.
Modern ERa
Rebellion, nationalism, folk idiom, Copland’s Appalachian Spring, widening gap between art and popular music (Beetles), Polytonality (playing two keys at once), Puccini Operas (Madonna Butterfly, La Boheme), Debussy & Impressionism, Stravinsky, blues, jazz, country, hiphop, folk, R&B, Rock&Roll
Theater TimeLine
-Ancient Greek
-Roman
-Medieval
-Renaissance/Reformation
-Elizabethan
-Restoration England
-Eighteenth Century
-Nineteenth Century
-Twentieth Century
Interpreting Theater
-intent
-structure
-effectiveness
-worth
Ancient Greek
amphitheaters, Sophecles (tragedy plays), influence of gods, violence took place offstage, Thespis was first actor, Dionysus Festivals (tragedies, comedies, satire), plots from legends, masks were used to show age and emotion, woman were barred from acting
roman theater
less influence by religion, subplot, women were minor parts, Spectacles of the Coliseum, Mass appeal/impressive theaters, raised stage replaced Greek semicircle, Christian later disapproved of low comedy and pagan rituals
Medieval
theater buildings not permitted, minstrels, traveling groups, jugglers, open stage, Latin/Bible stories, allegory, Passion, Miracle plays, town guilds
Renaissance/Reformation
Rebirth of Classical Greek & Roman art, culture, literature, professional actors, emphasis on performer, State licensed official theater companies, acting groups, situational comedy, improvisation,moving away from Catholic church
Elizabethan
Chrisopher Marlow, Ben Johnson (playwrights), patronage, raucous, open-air theater, satire, educated language, Shakespeare (late 1500-early 1600)
Restoration England
1642 Parliament closed theaters in England, French new technology for scenery changes, Proscenium Stage, enclosed arches, scene changes slid, Racine and Moliere influenced playwrighting, woman appeared onstage as boys
18th Century
acting mimic real life, acting was prominent, dealt with ordinary people, commercial theater evolved, changes in society led direction in theater
19th Century
industrial revolution, gas lighting changed to electrical, melodrama, actor predominated over author, Shaw, Ibsen, Chekhov stood out, serious drama, playhouses in major cities in USA, Golden Age of American Theater-1420 touring companies, moving away from hero characters/vaudeville, mass appeal, sophisticated plots and staging
20th Century
social upheaval after WWI & II, realism, naturalism, symbolism, impressionism, follies, commercial theaters, Oklahoma, Phantom, Actor’s Studio (Kazan & Strasberg), Experiential Theater (against naturalism), community & ensemble group theater, comedy playwright-Neil Simon

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