Counseling Theories

Psychoanalytic therapy
~Sigmund Freud
~personality development, human nature
~unconscious motivate behavior
-driven by segual and agressive impulses
Adlerian therapy
~Alfred Adler
~Growth model that stresses taking responsibility, creating destiny, finding meaning and goals to create a purposeful life.
-people have the capacity to interpret and create events
Existential Therapy
~Viktor Frankl, Rollo May, Irvin Yalom
~Building therapy on basic conditions of human existence such as choice, freedom, responsibility to decide own fate
-search for meaning
Person-Centered Therapy
~Carl Rogers
~Gives responsibility to the client in dealing with problems
-positive view of humans
-client moves toward inc. awareness, trust in self, and inner directness.
Behavior Therapy
~B.F. Skinner and Bandura
~Learning is based on behavior
-product and producer of the environment
-based on classical and operant principles
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
~Albert Ellis
~REBT=rational emotive behavioral therapy
~faulty thinking leads to emotional disturbances
-Cognitions are a huge detriment
-focuses on thinking, doing, questioning, re-deciding,
-psyccho-educaitonal model focuses on learning new skills and coping skills
Privileged Communication
~bars disclosure of confidential communication in a legal proceeding.
~Primary obligation is to protect client disclosures for the therapeutic relationship
Informed consent
Provide clients with info they need to make informed choices
~educate about rights and responsibilities will empower them and build relationship
Reality Therapy
-Founder: william glasser
-Choice theory
-need quality relationships to be happy
-human nature and how to be satisfied by getting a relationship
Feminist Theory
Founded by a group: miller, brown, espin
-gendercentric, ethnocentric
-being gender fair, flexible, and life-oriented.
-system’s approach that recognizes culture, social, political factors
Postmodern approaches
-founded by: berg, white, epston
-multiple realities and multiple truths
-people create meaning in life
-do not look for underlying problems
-discover client’s strengths, look at solutions for present and future

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