Counseling Skills

Stages of the Helping Model
Stage 1
Stage 1:”the current Picture”
-client tells issues, concerns, difficulties, problems
-Help client spell out concerns
-3 tasks spell out client concerns
Task 1:
-What’s going on in my life or main concerns?
-help get clear picture of problems and unused opportunities
Task 2:
-uncover hidden concerns to form a constructive perspective
-find unused strengths and resources
-explore opportunities
Task 3:
-Help choose issues that will make a significant difference
-defer counseling if they don’t want to work or pick trivial issues
Helping Model:
Stage 2
Stage 2: Preferred Picture: identify and choose problem managing goals
-explore possibilities for a better future
-sometimes a skipped stage because they jump into problem solving
Task 1:
-Develop a sense of hope
-brainstorm possibilites for better future to help clients understand possibilities better.
Task 2:
-Choose realistic and challenging goals
Task 3:
-find incentives to help commit
-demands of life complicate goals
Helping Model:
Stage 3
stage 3: help clients develop strategies and plans
-define actions needed to achieve goals
Task 1:
-review possible strategies
-think of different ways to achieve goals
Task 2:
-Choose strategies that best fit resources
-take into consideration talents, resources, temperament, environment
Task 3:
-organize actions they need to accomplish their goals
-plans are maps for client to use

Action: Clients need to act on their own behalf
-helping process should empower them to take the step
-will be hard work/struggle

3 goals of helping
1:Life enhancing outcomes-help clients manage their own problems to live more effectively
-uncover resources

Goal 2: Learn Self help-help clients become better at helping themselves

Goal 3: Prevention Mentality- help clients develop an action oriented prevention mentality

Attending skills
S: face the client Squarely
O: Open posture
L: lean toward the other
E: Maintain Eye contact
R: maintain Relaxed natural behaviors
4 stages in the counseling process
Initial,middle, final, termination/follow-up

Initial Stage:interview and explanation/signing of informed consent
-exchange of info
-provide a atmosphere, develop relationship for self-exploration
-Clarify nature of problem and set goals
-talk about credentials, fees, policy, session review
-limitations of confidentiality
-usually take more than one session; diagnosis is needed for billing

Middle Stage: shift from external to internal
-emotions will surface; showing signs of experiencing changes
-may start to skip sessions/getting closer finding topic
-transference/countertransference can develop
-resistance comes in different forms; rage guilt

Final stage: Action stage
-client becomes less dependent on counselor
-becomes more self-confident, assertive, and perceptions change
-work together to reach goals and work on ways to deal with resistance
-not slip back; techniques: role play, homework

Termination/follow up:
-is client ready? prepare them for last session
-sadness may surface; review progress towards goals
-counselor may resist; save relationship
-follow up is necessary; two weeks later
assess client progress

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