Constitution Test 1 Review

Legislative Branch
makes the law
Executive Branch
Enforces the law (E’s go together Exec. Enforce)
Judicial Branch
Interprets and applies the law
3 branches of govt.
Executive, Legislative, Judicial
Bill of Rights
first 10 amendments
Powers of Congress
make laws, coin $, patents, copyrights, post office, naturalization, taxes, regulate interstate and foreign trade, declare war, raise the army and navy, etc.
Who declares War?
Congress
Who is commander in chief?
President
Treason
aiding and comforting an enemy
14th amendment
contains the equal protection clause and applied the bill of rights to the states
Bill of Rights
first 10 amendments (speech,religion, bear arms, fair and speedy trial, no search and seizure w/ out cause, no cruel punishment, attorney, remain silent, etc.
22nd amendment
the president is limited to 2 terms
Declaration of Independence
Thomas Jefferson wrote. Broke our ties with England.
Articles of Confederation
our very first government… very weak. Could not regulate trade, tax. Only contained one branch of government. A unicameral legislature.
Virginia Plan
Plan at the const. convention that wanted representation to be based on population
Great Compromise (Ct. Compromise)
Plan that created the House and Senate to settle the battle over representation between big and small states at the convention.
19th amendment
women’s right to vote
due process rights
your legal protections under the constitution when you are arrested or on trial like right to an attorney, remain silent, have a fair and speedy trial of your peers, etc. NO cruel punishment, etc.
Habeas Corpus
Court order to bring a criminal to the judge. This is guaranteed to citizens under the Constitution and prevents you from being kept in jail indefinitely.
reserved powers
powers left for the states
concurrent powers
powers that shared by the states and national government
Implied powers
come from the elastic clause/necessary and proper clause. Not stated. Reasonably inferred or suggested powers,
Federalism
dividing power between the states and national government.
Confederacy
puts power at the state level.
Full Faith and Credit Clause
says that states must recognize the legal documents nad proceedings of other states (like birth certificates, marriage certificates, etc.)
10th amendment
reserved powers amendment
judicial review
courts power to declare laws unconstitutional
What do you do with a worn out tattered flag?
burn it and bury it.
To show respect with the flag during a time of mourning/national sadness?
lower the flag to half mast.

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