CONNECTORS

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ADDING IDEAS: I like apples + I like pears

 
 
… and …              I like apples and pears.
 
…………..  too.      I like apples, and pears too.
                             I like apples. I like pears too.
 
………. as well.     I like apples, and bananas as well.
 
………. also.          I like apples, pears also.
Also, …                I like apples. Also, I like pears.
VERB + Also       I like apples. I also like pears.
 
Besides,              I like apples. Besides, I like pears. 
In addition,          I like apples. In addition, I like pears.  
 
 
 

 

 

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ADDING A STRONGER IDEA TO REINFORCE.

 
Moreover, …        I like apples. Moreover, I eat them all the time.
Furthermore, …   I like apples. Furthermore, I eat them all the time.
What’s more, …   I like apples. What’s more, I eat them all the time.
More importantly, …      
I like apples because it is healthy. More importantly, an apple a day keeps the doctor away.

 

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love                hate

 

CONTRAST OF IDEAS

... but …              I love Paul but I hate his brother.

… . But…             I love Paul. But I hate his brother because he is a…

 

, and yet…           I love Paul. And yet, I hate his brother.

 

… while…             I love Paul while I hate his brother.

…whereas…         I love Paul whereas I hate his brother.

 

… (even) though …         I love Paul though I hate his brother.

… although …                  I love Paul although I hate his brother.

Although …, ….               Although I love Paul, I hate his brother.

 

… despite…          I love Paul despite I hate his brother.

                             I love Paul despite HATING his brother.

Despite… ,            Despite I love Paul, I hate his brother.   

 

… in spite of …      I love Paul in spite of HATING his brother.

In spite of…,          In spite of loving Paul, I hate his brother.

 

Nevertheless,       I love Paul. Nevertheless, I hate his brother. 

 

Nonetheless,        I love Paul. Nonetheless, I hate his brother.

 

In contrast,           I love Paul. In contrast, I hate his brother.

Contrarily,             I love Paul. Contrarily, I hate his brother.

 

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NARRATION

 

First,                                    First, I had breakfast.
First of all,            
Firstly,
At first, 
In the beginning,
To begin with,
At the beginning of + noun                    At the beginning of the weekend, we had no plans.
Once upon a time,                                  Once upon a time, there was a princess whose hair…
 
Second,                               Second, I brushed my teeth.
Secondly,
Then,
Later,
Next,
After that, 
After + noun OR noun phrase         After those (scary) minutes, she ran away.
 
Third,                                        Third, I left home.
Thirdly,
 
Finally,                                            Finally, she found some help.
Eventually,
In the end,
At the end of + noun,                    At the end of the day, she some found help.

 

 

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PURPOSE

to + infinitive        I train to be a great footballer.

To + infinitive…    To be a great footballer, I train every day.    

 

for + gerund         I train for being a great footballer.

For + gerund…     For being a great footballer, I train every day.

 

in order to + infinitive        I train a lot in order to be a great footballer.

In order to + infinitive         In order to be a great footballer, I train a lot.

 

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GIVING REASONS

…because…        I like Martha because she is a perfectionist.

Because…                 Because he is ill, he hasn’t come to school.

Because of + noun     Because of his illness, he hasn’t come to school.    

 

As…                   As you are ill, I din’t expect you at the party.   

 

…for + noun…   For his bad temper, we cannot stand him.

For + gerund           For parking in the forbidden area, he got a fine. 

for + gerund

 

… since …         Since you have come late, I need your agenda.

Since…

 

Due to + noun,                       Due to his illness, he hasn’t come to school.
Due to the fact of + gerund 
Due to the fact of being ill, he hasn’t come to school.
 

For this reason,…    I love terror films; for this reason, I cannot miss The exorcist tonight.

… for this reason.   I love terror films and I cannot miss The exorcist for this reason.

; for this reason,… I love terror films; and I cannot miss The exorcist for this reason.

 

… that’s (the reason)nwhy…    I have studied a lot; tht’s why I am very confident now.  

 

 

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CONSEQUENCES

 

 
 
… so…                    My knee hurts so I cannot do sport.
So/ And so…           We were in a terrible mess. And so we assumed the consequences.
 
Therefore,…           My knee hurts. Therefore, I cannot run.
 
As a consequence,            I hurt my knee. As a consequence, I cannot run now.
Consequently,… 
As a result,
 

 

 

 

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ILLUSTRATING

 

like                      I hate insects like spiders or caterpillars.

 

For example,      I love many sports. For example, tennis, basketball and football.

 

, for example,      I like films in general, for example, terror films.

 

For instance,       Talk to me about Picasso, about his blue period for instance.

, for instance,  

for instance.

 

Such as…            I don’t mind reading comics, such as Naruto or Dragon Ball.

 

 

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