Competency 4 LIteracy Development


The first stage of literacy development that involves:

  • curiosity about print
  • understanding concept of print
  • drawing or scribbling
  • use of oral language
  • increased interest in literacy
  • understand letter forms and names
  • identify environmental print
  • understand that print has meaning




The 2nd stage of literacy development that includes:

  • understanding that print has meaning
  • use of decoding skills
  • use letter-sound correspondence
  • understand meaning of words



The 3rd stage of literacy development that involves:

  • recognizing sight words
  • decoding print
  • ability to read fluently
  • recognize more words automatically

Story Elements

  1. Character
  2. Setting
  3. Plot
  4. Conflict
  5. Theme
  6. Point of View and
  7. Changing Perspective

are all known as…

Story in first person

When a story is told through the character’s voice

Example: in The True Story of the Three Little Pigs, the wolf tells the story and portrays the entire incident with the pigs as a misunderstanding

Changing Perspective

  • Develops higher order thinking skills
  • Child is examining a story from alternate point of view

An alternate point of view
Asking a student to imagine themselves as another character from a story; to draw on their knowledge of the story and their own experiences. In doing so, the child is analyzing the events in the story from…
Fantasy Books

  1. Fables
  2. Fairy Tales
  3. Folktales
  4. Tall Tales

are all considered to be what type of books?

Genres of Children’s Literature





are all examples of what?

Fiction Books

  • Picture books
  • Realistic
  • Historical
  • Fantasy

are considered to be what type of books?

The purpose of this type of book is to entertain

  • To inform, explain, argue, or describe
  • Biographies, autobiographies, informational books

what type of book is this?

Environmental Print

  • Graphic symbols found in the physical environment
  • Street signs, billboards, building signs

Environmental Print
This allows a child in the early emergent literacy stage to discover and explore nature
Concepts of Print

  • Directionality and sequence of print
  • Story Structure
  • Print carries meaning
  • One-to-one corresponence of text and words

are all concepts of what?


Concepts of Print

  1. Big books with rhymes and patterns
  2. Language Experience Approach allowing child to see that print is “talk written down”


are two ways of developing what?

Author’s Purpose

Writing to:

  • Inform/teach
  • Persuade
  • Entertain
  • Express Feeling

are all considered to be the…


  • Audience will learn from the selection
  • Examples include facts, details, or specific mention of events and places
  • Non-fiction books

this type of writing is to…


  • Fiction books
  • Material intended for the audience to enjoy

the author’s purpose for this type of writing is to…

When the author wants the audience to believe his/her position such as in advertisements and newspaper editorials, the author’s purpose is to…
Express Feelings
Poetry books or writings that convey emotions are intended to…
Literacy Development

  • Read and reread daily
  • Going to the library
  • Reading environmental print
  • Talking informally about ideas/experiences
  • Model reading
  • Using puppets to retell a story
  • Offering praise
  • Taking trips to zoo/museum
  • Providing writing/drawing materials

are all ways to help build…

An activity for a student in the emergent literacy stage of reading
Displaying a poster-sized story on an easel and using a pointer to track the words while reading aloud is what type of activity?

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