Competency 3 Alphabetic Principle

Phonological and Phonemic Awareness

The foundations for understanding the alphabetic principle

Alphabetic Principle

This principle focus on the relationship between printed letters and spoken sounds

the idea that letters in written words relate to sounds in spoken words

Alphabetic Principle
When a child realizes that phonemes can be represented by letters, they now have an understanding of what?

Phonological and Phonemic Awareness


Letter/Sound Relationship

Combining instruction in these two relationships appears to be the most important factor in successful early reading.


The process of going from sound to print and relates to spelling is known as


The process of using letter/sound correspondences to recognize words and relates to reading


The process of sounding out words

Letter-sound association

What sound does the letter “t” makes…

is a question for what alphabetic principle skill?

What sounds do you hear in the word sat is a question for what alphabetic principle skill?
Letter Identification

Pointing to a letter and asking “what letter is this” is what alphabetic principle skill?

Manipulating letter-sound correspondence in words

A question such as:

“What word is formed when we change the beginning, middle, end sound in a word”

is what alphabetic principle skill?

Alphabetic Principle

  1. Alphabet Books
  2. Pseudowords
  3. Continuous Sounds
  4. Stop Sounds
  5. Letter Name Strategies

are all vocabulary words related to what?

Alpabetic Principle Skills

  • Letter-sound association
  • Sound-blending
  • Segmenting
  • Reading pseudowords
  • Letter Identfication
  • Word Identification
  • Manipulating letter/sound crrespondence

are all what type of skills?

Alphabetic Principle

A variety of opportunities such as:

  • alphabet books
  • magnetic letters
  • alphabet cards wth a picutre of a familiar object with each letter
  • play-doh, finger paint, shaving cream
  • pictures of objects with their beginning letter

will all help with what skill?

Alphabetic Understanding

When a child CANNOT:

understand words are composed of letters

associate letter with corresponding sound

identify a word based on letter-sound correspondence

blend letters and sound to form a word

identify/manipulate letter-sound or

read pseudo words

they are said to be lacking what?



Assessing Alphabetic Principle

Using nonsense (pseudo) words

Preparing an alphabet recognition task

Encouraging child’s invented spelling


are ways of assessing what?

Alphabetic Principle

Playing a matching game in which the child match pictures of objects with their initial consonant letter will help students develop the concept of what?

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