Cold War Terms

Cold War
A state of political hostility existing between countries, characterized by threats, violent propaganda, subversive activities, and other measures short of open warfare, in particular.
Iron Curtain
A notional barrier that prevents the passage of information or ideas between political entities.
Containment
The action or policy of preventing the expansion of a hostile country or influence
George F. Kennan
American advisor, diplomat, political scientist, and historian, best known as “the father of containment” and as a key figure in the emergence of the Cold War.
Truman Doctrine
The principle that the US should give support to countries or peoples threatened by Soviet forces or communist insurrection. First expressed in 1947 by US President Truman in a speech to Congress seeking aid for Greece and Turkey, the doctrine was seen by the communists as an open declaration of the Cold War
Marshall Plan
A program of financial aid and other initiatives, sponsored by the US, designed to boost the economies of western European countries after World War II. It was originally advocated by Secretary of State George C. Marshall and passed by Congress in 1948
Berlin Airlift
airlift in 1948 that supplied food and fuel to citizens of west Berlin when the Russians closed off land access to Berlin
NATO
North Atlantic Treaty Organization: an international organization created in 1949 by the North Atlantic Treaty for purposes of collective security
The Warsaw Pact
The Warsaw Pact is the name commonly given to the treaty between Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland, Romania, and the Soviet Union, which was signed in Poland in 1955 and was officially called ‘The Treaty of Friendship, Co-operation and Mutual Assistance’.
Satellite Nation
A satellite state (sometimes referred to as a client state) is a political term that refers to a country that is formally independent, but under heavy influence or control by another country
Dentene
The easing of hostility or strained relations, esp. between countries
Arms Race
A competition between nations for superiority in the development and accumulation of weapons, esp. between the US and the former Soviet Union during the Cold War
ABMT
The Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty (ABM Treaty or ABMT) was a treaty between the United States of America and the Soviet Union on the limitation of the anti-ballistic missile (ABM) systems used in defending areas against missile-delivered nuclear weapons.
NPT
means the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons
SALT I
the first treaty between the United States and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics resulting from the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks
SALT II
the second treaty between the United States and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics resulting from the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks
2nd Red Scare
a period of general fear of communists
George C. Marshall
George Catlett Marshall (December 31, 1880 – October 16, 1959) was an American military leader, Chief of Staff of the Army, Secretary of State, and the third Secretary of Defense
Harry S. Truman
Truman: elected vice president in Roosevelt’s 4th term; became 33rd President of the United States on Roosevelt’s death in 1945 and was elected President in 1948; authorized the use of atomic bombs against Japan
Joseph Stalin
Stalin: Russian leader who succeeded Lenin as head of the Communist Party and created a totalitarian state by purging all opposition
Winston Churchill
Churchill: British statesman and leader during World War II; received Nobel prize for literature in 1953

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