cold war, aw

Satellite Nation
countries dominated by the Soviet Union
Containment
taking measures to prevent any extension of communist rule to other countries
Cold War
conflict between the United States and the Soviet Union in which neither nation directly confronted the other on the battlefield
Truman Doctrine
it must be the policy of the United States to support free peoples who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressures
Marshall Plan
Gave money to communist countries to help them
Berlin airlift
fly food supplies into West Berlin
NATO
defensive military alliance
Mao Zedong
communists leader, ruled in northern China, relied heavily on financial aid from the Soviet Union
Chiang Kai-shek
nationalists, ruled in southern and eastern China, relied heavily on aid from the US
38th parallel
surrendered to the Soviets, japanese troops south of the parellel surrendered to the Americans
Korean War
North Korean forces swept across the 38th parallel in a surprise attack on South Korea
HAUC
investigated possible Communist influence, both inside and outside the US government
Blacklist
a list of people whom they condemned for having a Communist background
Rosenbergs
minor activists in the American Communist Party
McCarthyism
attacks on suspected Communists in the early 1950’s
H bomb
hydrogen bomb
Dwight Eisenhower
was president whenever both countries had the h bomb
Brinkmanship
to go to the edge of all-out war
CIA
spies used to gather information abroad
Warsaw Pact
linked the Soviet Union with seven Eastern European countries
Khrushchev
believed the communism would take over the world, but Khrushchev thought it could triumph peacefully
Eisenhower Doctrine
US would defent the Middle East against an attack by any communist country
U2 incident
a United States U-2 spy plane was shot down over Soviet Union airspace
G.I. Bill of Rights
an omnibus bill that provided college or vocational education for returning World War II veterans
Harry Truman
elected vice president in Roosevelt’s 4th term; became 33rd President of the United States on Roosevelt’s death in 1945 and was elected President in 1948; authorized the use of atomic bombs against Japan
Dixiecrat
Any of the Southern Democrats who seceded from the party in 1948 in opposition to its policy of extending civil rights
Fair Deal
a doctrine of limitations and exceptions to copyright which is found in many of the common law jurisdictions of the Commonwealth of Nations.
Franchise
An authorization granted by a government or company to an individual or group enabling them to carry out specified commercial activities
Baby Boom
A temporary marked increase in the birth rate, esp. the one following World War II
Jonas Salk
United States virologist who developed the Salk vaccine that is injected against poliomyelitis
FCC
Federal Communications Commission
Beat Movement
a group of American writers who came to prominence in the 1950s, and the cultural phenomena that they wrote about and inspired
beatnik
A young person in the 1950s and early 1960s belonging to a subculture associated with the beat generation
JF Kennedy
was the 35th President of the United States, serving from 1961 until his assassination in 1963
Fidel Castro
Cuban socialist leader who overthrew a dictator in 1959 and established a Marxist socialist state in Cuba
Berlin Wall
A fortified and heavily guarded wall built on the boundary between East and West Berlin in 1961 by the communist authorities
Test Ban Treaty
An international agreement not to test nuclear weapons in the atmosphere, in space, or underwater, signed in 1963 by the US, the UK, and the former Soviet Union, and later by more than 100 governments
New Frontier
used by John F. Kennedy in his acceptance speech in the 1960 United States presidential election to the Democratic National Convention at the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum as the Democratic slogan to inspire America to support him
Peace Corps
An organization sponsored by the US government that sends young people to work as volunteers in developing countries
Alliance For Progress
initiated by U.S. President John F. Kennedy in 1961 aimed to establish economic cooperation between North and South America
Warren Commission
an official investigation conducted by a commission headed by Chief Justice Earl Warren concluded that accused assassin Lee Harvey Oswald acted alone
Lyndon B. Johnson
served as the 36th President of the United States from 1963 to 1969 after his service as the 37th Vice President of the United States from 1961 to 1963
Great Society
A domestic program in the administration of President Lyndon B. Johnson that instituted federally sponsored social welfare programs
Medicare
A federal system of health insurance for people over 65 years of age and for certain younger people with disabilities
Medicaid
A federal system of health insurance for those requiring financial assistance
Reapportionment
the process of allocating political power among a set of principles
Martin Luther King
United States charismatic civil rights leader and Baptist minister who campaigned against the segregation of Blacks
Rosa Parks
United States civil rights leader who refused to give up her seat on a bus to a white man in Montgomery (Alabama) and so triggered the national Civil Rights movement
SCLC
A group that works to gain equal rights for Black Americans and other minority groups through non-violent civil protests and community development programs.
SNCC
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, a US civil-rights student organization active in the 1960s
Freedom Rider
A person who challenged racial laws in the American South in the 1960s, originally by refusing to abide by the laws designating that seating in buses be segregated by race
1964 Civil Rights Act
The Civil Rights Act of 1964 was a landmark piece of legislation in the United States that outlawed major forms of discrimination against blacks and women, and ended racial segregation in the United States
Voting Rights Act
a landmark piece of legislation in the United States that outlawed discriminatory voting practices that had been responsible for the widespread disenfranchisement of African Americans in the U.S.
Malcolm X
US political activist; joined the Nation of Islam in 1946 and became a vigorous campaigner for black rights
Nation of Islam
An exclusively black Islamic sect proposing a separate black nation, founded in Detroit
Consumerism
The preoccupation of society with the acquisition of consumer goods.

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