Civics Ch 3 Voc

Preamble
The short, noteworthy introduction in the constitution
articles
the seven numbered sections of the original constitution
constitutionalism
the principle that government must be conducted according to constitutional principles
rule of law
the concept of limited government
separation of powers
basic powers are distributed among three distinct and independent branches of the government
checks and balances
each check is subject to a number of constitutional checks by the other branches
veto
rejection
judicial review
the power of courts to determine whether what government does is in accord with what the Constitution provides
unconstitutional
illegal
Federalism
the division of power among a central government and several regional governments
amendment
changes in written words
formal amendment
changes or additions that become part o the written language for the constitution itself
Bill of Rights
the first 10 amendments
executive agreement
a pact made by the president
treaty
a formal agreement between two or more sovereign states
electoral college
the group that makes for the formal of the nation’s president
Cabinet
an advisory body to the president
senatorial courtesy
the practice that the senate will only approve of the presidents

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