Chpt 5: Language Diversity, Language Development, Immigran

Syntax
arrangement of words and phrases to create well-formed sentences in a language
Bilingual
speaking two languages fluently
Monolingual
speaking only one language
Cultural Deficit Model
explains school achievement problems of ethnic minority groups by assuming their culture is sub-par and doesn’t prepare them to succeed in school
Code-switching
use of more than one language, or language variety, in conversation
Semi-lingual
bilingual students who appear not to have mastered either of their languages
Metalinguistic Awareness
understanding language & how it works, develops around age 5

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