Chpt 2: Cognitive & Language Development

Assimilation
fitting new information into exsisiting schemas
Accomodation
Altering or creating new schemes in response to new information
Conservation
some characteristics of an object stay the same despite the changes in appearance
Equilibration
search for mental balance between cognitive schemes & infromation from the enviroment
Schemes
mental systems or categories of perception and expirenece
Scaffolding
support for learning and problem solving
Zone of Proximal Development
phase of at which a child can master a task if given the appropriate help
Private Speech
children’s self-talk, which guides their thinking ; action
Self-Concept
individuals’ knowledge & beliefs about themselves
Self-esteem
the value we impose on our own characteristic, abilties, and behaviors
Object Perminance
understanding that objects seperate, perminant exsistance

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