Childrens Literature

Traditional Literature
is the body of ancient stories and poems that grew out of the oral tradition of storytelling before being eventually written out.
Plots
are shorter than in other genres of literature, all but the essentials disappeared during countless retellings
Action
concentrated and fast paced, adding interest
characters
are two dimensional and easily identified as a good or bad
settings
are unimportantand vague
literary style
is characterized by stock beginnings and endings
motifs
repeating refrains
themes
are limited
endings
are almost always happy
traditional tale
should sound as though it is being told
Traditional tale should
preserve the flavor of the culture or the country of its origin
employ a rich literary style
traditional tales
illustrated versions of traditional literature
text and illustrations must be high quality
consider the number and variety of tales in the collection
when evaluating collections of traditional literature
softened versions of traditional tales
robs stories of their power, their appeal, and their psychological benefit to children, who are reassured that the evil force is gone forever and cannot come back to hurt them.
share unaltered versions of traditional tales
When children are old enough to cope with the violence or harsh justice they contain?
traditional stories
What remained in oral form for thousands of years?
Cindarella like stories
Which story have folklorists found all over the world?
monogenesis
single origin
polygenesis
Many origins, holds that early humans had similar urges and motives; asked similar, fundamental questions about themselves and the world around them; and,logically, created similar stories in response
Renewed interest in storytelling
The popularity of traditional literature with children has continued to grow in the twenty first century
Modern stories
are written by known authors in the style of the traditional ones but are not of ancient and unknown origin are therefore not tradtional in the strict sense.
Retold tale
A version of a tale written in a style that will appeal to a contemporary audience but otherwise remaining true to the ancient tale
folktales
sometimes used synonymously with traditional literature
Variant
A story that shares elements of plot or character with other stories and its therefore in the same “story family” but differs mainly by culture.
Myths
are stories that recount and explain the origins of the world and the phenomena of nature
Creation stories
Myths are sometimes referred to as
are mainly gods, goddesses, with occasional mention of humans, and the setting is high above earth in the home of gods
Characters in creation stories .
Greek, Roman and Norse
Best known mythologies
Epics
are long stories of human adventure and heroism recounted in many episodes, sometimes in verse
Legends
are stories based on either real or supposedly real individuals and their marvelous deeds.
Tall Tales
are highly exaggerated accounts of the expolits of persons, both real or imagined so they may be considered a subcategory of legends
folktales
are stories that grew out of the lives and imaginations of the people, or folk
1697 Tales of Mother Goose
Charles Perrault
1812 Wilhelm and Jacob Grimm
collected fairytales in Germany
1894 Joseph Jacobs
collected fairytales in England
Richard Chase
“Grandfather Tales & Jack Tales”
Castle and Cottage Tales
Class Conscious tales
fairytales or magic tales
Kind of folktale having magic characters such as fairies
fable
a simple story that incoporates characters typically animals whose actions teach a moral lesson or universal truth, and moral is stated at the end of the story.
religious stories
stories based on religious writings or taken intact from religious manuscripts
parables
stories of religion

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