Childrens Literature

Nonfiction
is usually classified as either biography or informational literature
Biography
gives factual information about the lives of actual people, including their experiences, influences, accomplishments, and legacies
Autobiography
is similar in every respect to biography, except that the author tells about his or her own life.
Informational books
give factual information about, or explain, any aspect of the biological, social or physical world, including what is known of outer space
Its primary purpose is to inform
The content emphasis of children’s nonfiction is documented fact about the natural or social world.
expository writing
Nonfiction writing is often referred to as
Narrative writing
fiction writing or writing that tells a story
Faction
presents accurate factual information on an entertaining ribbon of fiction
Faction is part of nonfiction
In North America
Authentic biography
is also based all factual information is documented through eyewitness accounts,written documents, letters, diaries, and more recently, audio and videotape recordings
for people that lived long ago
Details such as conversations, are often difficult to document
Biographers devices
as interior monologue indirect discourse, their stories lively and appealing and worth the children’s time to read.
Fictionalized Biography
is also based on careful research, but the author creates dramatic episodes from known facts by using imagined conversation.
Complete biography
covers the entire life of the subject from birth to death
the rest is a work of fiction.
In biographies known acheivements are reported factually but other than that
partial biography
covers only part of the life of the subject
collected biography
life stories of several people in one book
Biography series
a multivolume set of books with each book containing one separate biography
Theme
in informational literature is the main point made in the work.
“What’s the point?”
The theme of the work will answer the question
Style
is how authors and illustrators, with their readers in mind, express themselves in their respective media.
50-85 percent of the circulation in children’s libraries
In school and public library records indicate that nonfiction makes up?
the lack of classroom experience with nonfiction in early grades
Studies show children in the US have trouble reading and writing expository texts, partly because of
since parents and caregivers traditionally select only fiction as read-aloud material
Particularly in the early grades, teachers and librarians may have to take the lead in introducing nonfiction to their students
can be used across the curriculum in various ways
Nonfiction can be included and promoted as options in students self-choice reading, can be added to classroom library collections and
Informational literature
must distinguish between fact, theory, and opinion
Captions and labels
must be clearly written and informative
Facts
must be accurate and current
Personification
should be avoided because the implication is factually inaccurate
Works of nonfiction
must be attractive to the child
Presentation of the information
should be from known to unknown, general to specific, or simple to more complex.
Stereotyping
must be avoided
Format and artistic medium
should be appropriate to content
Depth and complexity of subject treatment
must be appropriate for the intended audience
Nonfiction Chapter book
this format features a large amount of text that is organized into chapters
Nonfiction Picture book
This format features large, uncomplicated illustrations and brief text
Science and Social Science Concept Picture Book
Originally conceived for 4 to 8 year olds, this type of book presents one or two scientific or social concepts via brief, uncomplicated text accompanied by numerous
Photo Essay
Presentation of information in the photo essay is equally balanced between text and illustration
Fact Books
Presentation of information in these books is mainly through lists, charts, and tables
Today’s nonfictional literature for children
is able to meet the needs and interests of young readers in quality, variety, and reader appeal
Experiment or how to book
from directions for conducting various scientific experiments to cookbooks, guides, to hobbies, and directions for small construction projects, like clubhouses
Orbis Pictus Award for Outstanding Nonfiction for Children
In 1990, the National council of Teachers of English Established the

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